About the META
Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) is an OT instrument developed by Louise Nygård, Camilla Malinowsky, and Anders Kottorp. The same research group also has developed another tool, Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire (ETUQ).
The META is person-centered and based on Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). It is an observation-based assessment, aiming at identification of performance skills, and skill deficits in use of everyday technology.
The META has so far been most used in research concerning older adults with mild cognitive impairment or dementia, and also adults with acquired brain injury, in comparison to those with no known cognitive impairment.
During the last couple of years the META has been used in clinic as well, when there is reason to pay attention to clients' ability to use technology. The META is used as a base for interventions for clients and as a base for general adaptations of technology or when design and testing new technology.
Content and structure
The META assessment starts with an interview, where the interviewer and the client reaches an agreement on technological objects and services that are relevant to the client but also somewhat challenging. This interview is based on a hierarchy covering everyday technologies of different challenge, from easy to hard. Thereafter the assessment takes place through an observation of the client’s use of 3-4 of these somewhat challenging technologies, then followed by an interview to capture the person’s own view on his/her performance skills. The assessment hence is a combination of observation and interview.
The META assessment is diveded in four part as follows:
- Assessment of observable performance skills during technology use (10 items).
- Assessment of how environmental characteristics influence when a piece of technology is being used (2 items).
- Assessment of intrapersonal capacities that may contribute to problems when technology is used, including safety (3 items).
- The person’s appreciation of how important and how safe the technology is.